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MustangVillage:- PDF Print E-mail
The Walled city :-
Welcome to the only living walled city of Nepal . built in 1380 AD by the king of Lo, Ame Pal , the walled city still stands as a testimony to Lo –Manthang’s prosperity and rich cultural heritage .The area of walled city is approximately 5 Hec. And perimeter of the wall is about 800m . It is 2472 feet long and 26 feet high , Has a sries of 14 towers .along its periphery . These towers rise 40 feet high & are 6 feet wide at its base and 3 feet wide at the top. During the reign of the mustang rajas, the towers were guarded by armed by armed guards to defend the town from bandits and enemies.
The only entrance to the town is through a huge wooden gate located to the east of the township . In early days , this gate was closed before dusk and opened at dawn . Until recently , the town inhabitants followed this rule dutifully, but the rule is no more in practice . Nonetheless , as in the past , except for the Raja (King), Rani (Queen )and khempo (chief priest)everyonr dismount their horses while passing through the town gate. This custom is observed to pay respect to Avalokiteshwara (God of Compassion), Mahne (Prayer wheel ) and Jhong Lha (Deity of the fort) That are located infornt of and above the mahne respectively . The Raja , Rani and the Khempo considered as equals to the deities are nto required to dismount their horse while entering the gate.
The city divided into four traditional wards (si-Shu) namely “Ghun-thang .’ ‘Domaling ,’Potaling ‘ and ‘Jhythang” these names refer to as the shrines of deities from the respective wards. Ghun-thang’s is the shrine of Mahakala ,or “ Gompo, Domaling” the shrine of Tara or Doma ; potaling the shrine of Dipangar Buddha” or Hyepo Mahe “, and Jhythang” the shrine of Jhampa “ or Maittia , the future Buddha . These wards take turn to perform various religious and social tasks of the town .
Its People:-about 1100 Lobas people of Lo , live in the 180 mud houses of the walled city , and surprisingly , they observe a form of castehierarchy . this may be the reason why it is mainly the kudak (Bista – the nobility and royalty of Lo) and the phalwa (Gurung) who live within the walled city . ghara ( Black smith). Shemba Butcher and emeta musician mostly live in the settlement beside the Lo-manthang River that flows to the east of the city . the Raja and Rani or Mustang live in Monkhar” –the four stories white washed palace located in the middle of the town . The palace was belived to be Built by the first king of Mustang , Ame Pal , in the early 14th century . The present Raja is his twenty first descendent.
Livestock husbandry combined with agriculture is still the mainstay of the local economy . Seasonal migration for trade of the southern parts of Nepal and North India and barter trade with neighbouring Tibet supplements household income . With the advent of tourism in Lo in 1992, few local people have also started taking up tourism as a new economic profession .
To prevent fragmentation of family prosperty , some lobas still practices polyandry . a women is married to all the brothers of a family except monk.
 

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